The current situation of setting of medication safety officer overseas
Department of Pharmacy, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Evidence-Based Pharmacy Center, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
Abstract：Medication safety officer (MSO) is an expert and manager of medication safety. Management of medication safety by MSO has been popularized and plays an important role in the medical institutions of the United States (US) and the United Kingdom (UK). The results of systematic search and analysis of literature showed that the setting of MSO in US and UK was mainly based on various characteristics of the adverse drug events (for example, the large number, high possibility for patient damage and economic loss, poor quality of the reports，inadequate management and preventability)，and aimed to reduce its occurrence and then to guarantee the medication safety in patients. In US and UK, the MSOs mainly worked in large hospitals or large health care provider organizations, while the position level was not clearly defined. Responsibilities of MSOs mainly included the formulation and practice of a medication safety program, supervision and improvement of medication safety system, providing professional advice on medication safety, management and reporting of medication safety information in internal medical institution, receiving and transmitting medication safety information outside and carrying out medication safety training. In addition, the US put forward some specific qualification requirements for the position, including educational background, practicing qualification, related training experience, etc. The setting of MSO may be one of the effective measures to solve the problem of medication safety. It is suggested to set up a MSO management system in China′s medical institutions and actively explore a novel management mode of medication safety in China.